As a journalist immersed in the world diplomatic game, I’m really excited when a session is about to start. This year my boss decided to send me to cover the new session of the DISEC. He warnd me that this session will raise up new majors political issues and I (didn’ t admit)have to admit that he didn’t lie! Thursday 18th, 2018 the Disarmament and International Security committee was gathered for the first time. More than 40 delegates were there to discuss together, and I will summarize here the first day of debates.
Two Main Challenges for a global discussion
Delegates chose to work on tackling nuclear proliferation in Asia. In fact during the first hours of the debate, all the delegates exposed an introductory statement about their position. Few countries exposed their concerned about the actual situation. The Japan delegate underlined the fact that his country has suffered from Nuclear tests which provoked pollution and earthquakes in the last years. Furthermore, two major points of tension were brought to the debate: the state of Israel told the assembly his concern about the Iran nuclear program and asked to find solutions in order to prevent a new crisis in the middle-east. However, the delegates refused the proposition of a moderate caucus and prefered to center their discussion on North Korea nuclear tests inferred by Kazakhstan delegate. Moreover, the debate moved the role of non-asian countries on Asian Nuclear issues. Two countries suggested new ideas. The Norwegian delegate said that “Non-Asian countries must collaborate with Asian countries by sending them experts, specialists to give them impartial recommendations”. Kazakhstan added that it is time to find a bilateral solution for the both northern souths Koreas in a period which is favorable to the détente.
North Korea’s delegate audition as a turning point
After lunch, a discussion started between the USA and Saudi Arabia about the necessity or not, to distinguish the nuclear energy from the nuclear military programs. After few oral interventions North Korea’s special ambassador was invited to the DISEC in order to answer the delegates questions. Switzerland’s delegate asked him which guarantees the regime of Kim-Jong-Un needed in order to freeze its nuclear military program. North Korean’s delegate argued that a global reduction of nuclear weapons in western countries was necessary before they do the same. North Korea added that it “is afraid of imperialist countries”. North Korea’s declarations made the discussion progress and changed the center point which became reaffirming the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapon Treaty. The next hours of negotiations will be crucial for DISEC’s delegates as they will try to find a compromise in this crisis.