Unesco : Schooling and protecting children in conflict zones, another fight

The world is still divided by wars, conflict and tensions, more over in undeveloped areas where education is another big issue. The major stake is that education can be a vector to prevent conflict because the fear of each other is due to the unknown.

On April 14th 2014, 270 Nigerian school girls were kidnapped by Boko Haram in Nigeria. 230 of them are still missing. With an afflux of #bringbackourgirls and #stopthekilling the international scene woke up on the linked issue of education and war. This morning UNESCO’s delegation just begin deal with this issue.
Education is a fundamental right
For developed countries education is view as a fundamental right, it has to be a right not a privilege. School have to be a place of protection and moreover a perspective of hope for the future, it can be a place of opportunity. It’s a base of the society, a key to stability and peace. The other fundamental topic is that children are the first target of propaganda since they didn’t have politics point of view and school have to give them a critical mind.
In conflict areas the situation is catastrophic
In countries at war education is not place on the list of priorities. Children are used to be separated of their family, they are used as child soldiers or as human bombs… And when they are not the target, their schools are the target of bombing.
Therefore, concerned countries claim help. They want to work together with other countries.

Words or action?

All countries said they are concerned by the problem but now are they going to act or just talk?
Even developed countries can be touched by the problem, as illustrated Ukraine and Israel. It’s not only a question of development and we have to deal with this issue by preventing and acting. According to that the first observation is that there is a lack of information in Northern countries.
One of the first solution bet on the table is to build schools in those areas, like the UNICEF’s project No Lost Generation. Most of the countries agree that it’s a positive idea. But it seems to be a little bit too much idealistic because it’s also in those countries that schools are bombed and destroyed and where children are kidnapped. School are not safe anymore in conflict zones, so more than constructed schools protecting them is needed. the other problems are that it’s only a temporary solution and some countries stay away from aid.
Another solution?

Blue professor and e-books…

Some country believe that we need a better solution, an innovative solution, durable, real and effective. Ukraine’s position is interesting, they want deep measures. Ukraine is talking about creating a new way of education with delegation of teachers and use of innovative technology like create some kind of e-books, to use at home. Therefore, children in conflict zone will be able to use it and to study at home if they can’t go to school. Regarding the backing of this idea funds will not be a problem because it is also a technological advance, an intelligence for the future. It’s also a way to innovate in education and it is an international issue.
But we cannot let students learn alone consequently we need a supplement. You obviously know the blue helmet. Mexico’s idea is to do the same kind of project, with kind of “blue professor”. Mexico which is touched by narcotrafficker sheds light on the thing: “We proposed the idea to create a kind of new peace keeper which is called the education keeper. They will be formed by the UNESCO, to maintain education in conflict zones. They will be adapted and form according to the form of the conflict and the situation with the language, the programs and the psychological aspect and will be moveable to make sure that this project will be sustainable”.

  • Noémie Joudelat

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