SPECPOL is the fourth commission of the United Nations’ General Assembly. It stands for Special Political and Decolonization. This commission usually deals with different subjects such as decolonization, Palestinian refugees, maintaining world peace or Human rights. Today, in the Amphitheater P in the Manufacture des Tabacs in Lyon, this LyonMUN committee dealt with the Natural Resources Crisis in Conflicted Areas. This theme aimed to deal with any kind of resources such as land, water, timber, minerals, metals and oil as important aspects of international life.
Shine Bright like a Diamond
Apparently, the international crisis that weakens the security, peace, and development of many countries concerns diamonds and diamonds only. At first, the delegates were drawn into the shining rock, while obliterating other problems liked with other natural resources. Issues like founding weaponry, human rights, and world peace were widely overlooked.
The UK delegate defending his diamonds oriented the debate towards this issue. The Kimberly Process was thus extensively debated. The Kimberly Process is an international initiative aiming at containing the global flow of rough diamonds used to fund armed conflicts.
The chair and the co-chair reminded the delegates – still blinded a few hours later by the diamonds – that yes, they are beautiful. Nevertheless, the humanitarian crisis is yet to be dealt with in various situations.
The Black List
The delegates spent an hour finding a solution to sanctioned illegal trade in companies. They firstly seemed to have forgotten that SPECPOL is non-compelling. It implies that the decisions that are made in this commission are recommendations only.
Sweden introduced the theme of rewarding the companies instead of punishing them for breaking the law. However, a strong point was made by South Korea: “Do you reward a fish for swimming? No.” From this point on, they built up towards a system which would be an alternative to the Kimberly Process. Companies that would not follow international rules would not be given a certificate and would be investigated. If they do not want the certificate, thus they would be put on a Blacklist.
During the debate, some major issues were raised but not dealt with. Problems were raised by some, arguments were agreed by others. Yet, the debate worked as an endless circle or yes or no arguments. Child labor and state sovereignty were discussed as well, with the question of whether a state can dictate other states actions in their own countries.
While drafting the resolution, they finally aimed at recommending the States or countries: “encouraging other nations to join the Kimberley Process to control trade” and “urges the war zone states to prevent child labor.”
This committee of beginners is having a hard time to point out and deal with the core issues. However, they are exchanging a lot of ideas and their motivation will surely be the key to unlock the debate of tomorrow. Cuba, South Korea, and the UK were majorly leading the debate. Will other countries find strength in order to lead the next debate? Stay tuned to find out!