At the ECOSOC Committee, the afternoon begins with several unmoderated caucus: after listening to each country’s position about the subject of ‘equal access to water’ in the morning, the delegates start writing a working paper.
Still discussing about the topics…
Lots of countries want to talk about the links between agriculture and water. Indeed, the agricultural sector is one of the biggest consumer of water at a global scale (for example, the production of a ground beef requires 2400 liters of water). But this subject quickly shows its limits, and the issue of water infrastructures appears. Brazil asks for the development of infrastructures in the Southern countries. Nevertheless, South Africa reminds that money is needed to modernize infrastructures, and that the private sector is supposed to manage it. Furthermore, Japan, as said in a previous article about the ECOSOC, wants to create an organization to provide water to the African continent. The subject of a campaign to raise public awareness about waste of water is regularly discussed, and everybody seems to agree.
… and renewable energies
According to some countries, another topic can be renewable energies. Indeed, renewable energies reduces climate change, and then water can be preserved in arid areas. During a long time, delegates will talk about their own consumption of energies, and their aim to attain 20, or even 100% of renewable energies for example by 2020. Some countries such as Sweden or Canada declare they can help other countries to develop their own renewable energies. But the initial subject, ‘Ensuring an equal access to scarce resources on earth’, is more and more forgotten. Moreover, the debate is focusing on Saudi Arabia and its obvious position: oil is better than renewable energies. But the interesting topic of ensuring an equal access to water is far away. Japan realizes they are digressing, but the chairs must finally intervene.
Finally, some propositions
When I leave, a moderated caucus is starting in order to propose measures to limit global warming and its impact on scarce resources. Finally, a draft resolution is sent to the chairs, and concrete propositions are made. Unfortunately, I must leave before the end, but I’m sure that the end of the day has been productive, and that tomorrow will be more exciting. Indeed, it’s not an easy topic, but delegates have understood they must start to discuss about concrete solutions and policies.
- Juliette Blayac