Ensuring equal access to scarce ressources on earth was one of the main subject that have been a part of the last economic and social council debate. Ressources like water and food were both the most discussed. Of course some countries suffer from a lack of access to these ressources especially the poorest ones. That’s why solutions should be found. What is striking is the growing global population that is stressing the issue of access. Countries like Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, France, Ireland or China think that investments, cooperation between the different countries and equal distribution are the tools to solve the problems.
FOOD FOR EVERYBODY
Concerning food, our world is facing many challenges. A big paradox have been highlighted : indeed today we produce a large amount of food yet people are still suffering from famine because of the inequal distribution. Besides some countries don’t have lands to exploit or lands with enough ressources to be self-suficient. So an international cooperation could allow them to access to self-sufficiency but also the richest countries, that’s to say mostly the western countries, could contribute too by sharing their technologies to help the development in the countries in trouble.
However not only food has been considered, water is a major issue as well. The main point was about the waste of it and the fact that in Africa above all, foreign companies are taking advantages of the low prices to use water as they want without sharing it with the local population. In order to make this problem disappear, the delegation of Japan has suggested the creation of an organisation non governmental named the OEVA which means the organisation for an equal access of water in Africa. It will be an organisation financed in proportion to the wealth of the countries members. Finally innovating solutions were introduced like the desalination to offer water to every countries but different delegations put forward the fact that it was too expensive.
All things considered, these issues have to be tackled fastly to prevent the tensions that are already existing nowadays, tensions that sometimes lead to wars.
– Amina Sizian